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学会让一步,托福写作分数高5分!

2021-01-04

栏目:考培资讯

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导语:

位TOEFLer们在备考托福写作的时候,无论是自己看解析还是有老师指导,肯定都会强调一点,那就是:让步转折句。如果是第一次接触托福写作的小伙伴,肯定会问:为什么托福写作一定要使用让步转折?不用能不能拿高分?在这儿,小编可以直截了当的告诉你:能!但是没有那么好拿。

各位TOEFLer们在备考托福写作的时候,无论是自己看解析还是有老师指导,肯定都会强调一点,那就是:让步转折句。如果是第一次接触托福写作的小伙伴,肯定会问:为什么托福写作一定要使用让步转折?不用能不能拿高分?在这儿,小编可以直截了当的告诉你:能!但是没有那么好拿。

为什么这么说呢?

因为在独立写作中,发表观点的时候你是要说服评分官认同你的观点的。

因此我们可以回想下,平时你是怎么让别人快速认可你对某个话题的看法的呢?在什么情况下别人能更加认同你的想法呢?

没错,就是信任!

可是只有一篇300-400字的文章,要怎么做到让读的人来信任自己呢?

一个很简单却也非常容易被忽略的方法,就是:承认另一方的观点,也就是利用让步转折!

“让步”一词虽然看起来是一种投降,承认对方的正确和有道理,但当你实际运用到托福写作中时,却又是一个能让你拿高分的非常有用的技巧。

让步甚至可以只是一句话,在阐释了某观点的的合理性和好处之后进行反驳,引入一个新的论据,来表示另一个观点的正确性。常见的引入让步的词汇有:admittedly, although, even though, while, however, yet, despite等。

托福考试本身就有很多让步的例子,比如在综合写作中,阅读和听力往往是矛盾的,教授在开始演讲时,会先阐明自己的观点,然后以相反的观点继续跟进证明。

高分范文

很多同学认为在阐述自己观点的时候,阐释另一种观点的合理性是弱势的表现,但事实并非如此。通过使用策略性的参考与让步,可以让你的观点显得更加完整可靠,更有说服力,不存在偏见。

以这一篇高分范文为例:

At the accelerated rate of the intensified competition in the modern society, most universities are paying increasing attention to cultivate student in an-around way besides the fundamental academic education. As far as I'm concerned, taking public speaking courses before graduation is extremely advantageous to the seniors by providing them with improved communication skill, more job opportunities and a sense of confidence. 

First and foremost, having public speaking courses provides students with a priceless chance to concentrate on improving their ability of communication, which is beneficial to them to enlarge their social network. In other word, without being taught professionally, students will continuously come across some trouble in expressing their own ideas. Take myself as an example. I attended a minor course on communication skill during my freshman year. In this class, I could talk in front of others publicly without worrying the mistake will affect my academic record. And other students of this class properly who have the same anxieties as I felt gave me appropriate tips. As a result, I could express my ideas clearly in actual class and acquire a valuable companionship with others. Therefore, to strengthen the communication skill is essential for students for their interpersonal relationship. 

What is more, for senior students, the higher speaking level they possess, the more jobs opportunities they could acquire. As we all know, in the more complicated society, the employers tend to believe that a person with the quality of getting along with colleagues well can have a better performance in their jobs, as teamwork is strongly required in a large number of projects and missions. For example, my sister Lisa, who is skilled in contacting with others, became a CEO in her company just in one year. When the group encountered some divergences or arguments, she could help others analyze and find out the major problems. Consequently, she obtained the trust and respect of all employees and led the company to achieve a great success. Thus, in some situations, the excellent speaking level can have positive effect on one's career path. 

Admittedly, some claim that it might be too strict for seniors who already have a variety of other trivial matters to deal with in their last year to spend fixed time complete this compulsory class. However, in my opinion, it can be solved properly. Universities can change the traditional class into an on-line class, which can enhance students study efficiency as they can study at home. In addition, teachers can assign more flexible and interesting work to them in order to reduce their heavy burden, including trying to communicating with a stranger or having a presentation about their daily life. And the benefits on learning communication could be also acquired in this way.  [问题解决型的让步转折结构]

In conclusion, it might be true that having a mandatory speaking class in senior year would have some drawbacks for students. However, above all, we can conclude that students can derive more benefits from it.

我们可以看到,倒数第二段通过让步转折来解决问题,逻辑完整,结构鲜明,可以说是当之无愧的高分范文~

让步转折什么时候用?

在托福考试的写作部分中,虽然主张用让步转折的技巧,但是也不需要用一整个段落专门来让步接受另一方的观点。

1.展示你对过渡词的理解

由于让步需要你在对方观点和自己观点中来回切换,所以为了让评分官了解到你的侧重点,你需要通过过渡语句来引导评分官理解你的辩论逻辑。转折关联词像however、on the other hand、yet都能体现出紧密的逻辑。

2.展示你对复杂句的掌握

让步转折句往往就意味着复杂的长句子。让步连词although、while、whereas不仅写出了让步关系,还进一步摆脱了简单的句子结构。而句子结构的多样性会让评分官对你的印象更好,分数自然也会更好一些~

在托福的写作中,用上让步转折句肯定是一个加分的表现,但是前提是你得把句子写对没有错误!如果你为了要写让步转折的长句,硬是写了一句语病百出、单词也拼写错误的句子,那效果怕是就适得其反啦。

所以如果有的小伙伴是真的不擅长写这样的复杂长句的话,那还是按照自己擅长和习惯的来。

当然啦,小编还是会比较建议同学们可以从提高写作能力上下功夫,毕竟这才是能从根本上提升写作分数的关键!

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